About Tucson

State and City Background

History: Tucson has been continuously settled for over 12,000 years. It celebrates a diversity of cultures, architecture, and peoples. Yet, it is one of the "Mega-Trend" cities of the 21st Century: the Optics Valley, premier health services center for the Southwest, the astronomy center of the world, home of a premier research institution - University of Arizona, and a tourism destination. Tucson, too SAHN or TOO sahn, is one of the oldest towns in the United States. Tucson was orginally an Indian village called Stook-zone, meaning water at the foot of black mountain. Hugo O'Conor established the Tucson Presidio in 1775. August 20th, 1775 is considered Tucson's birthday. Spanish settlers arrived in the area in 1776. Tucson officially became part of the United States with the Gadsden Purchase of 1854. Tucson served as capital of the Arizona Territory from 1867 to 1877. Tucson boasts the best of both worlds...the progress and innovation of a metropolitan community and the friendly, caring atmosphere of a small town. Tucson's rich cultural heritage centers around a unique blend of Native American, Spanish, Mexican and Anglo-American influences. Blessed with the natural beauty of the Sonoran Desert and an unsurpassed climate of 360 sunny days a year, Tucsonans embrace a rare lifestyle and are committed to preserving that quality of life.

Location: Lies along the Santa Cruz River in a flat plateau of the Sonoran Desert that is rimmed by the Santa Catalina, Tucson, Rincon, and Santa Rita Mountains. Situated about 155 miles southeast of Phoenix.

Elevation: 2,410 feet (735 m)

Climate: The highest temperature ever recorded was 117 degrees Fahrenheit on June 26, 1990. The annual average is 82 degrees Fahrenheit/28 degrees Celsius for the high temperature, and 55 degrees Fahrenheit/13 degrees Celsius for the low temperature. Tucson's mild climate is legendary.

Calendar of Events

  • 2010 Mariachi Invitational Showcase and Festival, October 23-24
  • 2010 Tucson Culinary Festival, October 28-31
  • 2010 Tucson Bluegrass Festival, October 29
  • CityScape Urban Adventure Race, November 6
  • Tucson Wool Festival, November 6
  • Arizona Wildcats vs USC Trojans, November 13
  • UMC 28th El Tour de Tucson, November 20
  • Arizona Wildcats vs Arizona State Sun Devils, December 2
  • Arizona Wildcats vs Oklahoma Sooners, December 5
  • Arizona Wildcats vs Cal State Fullerton Titans, December 8
  • 41th Annual Fourth Avenue Street Fair, December 10-12
  • Arizona Wildcats vs BYU Cougars, December 11